What Is Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is often called “liquidation” bankruptcy. People usually choose this chapter when they do not have enough income to repay their debts. Most debts in Chapter 7 are eliminated and completely discharged. However, you may have to sell some property in order to repay creditors. You must qualify for Chapter 7 via a Means Test that will determine if your income meets guidelines to file Chapter 7. A bankruptcy attorney can walk you through the Chapter 7 process and help you take the means test.
What Is Chapter 13 Bankruptcy?
Chapter 13 bankruptcy, often called “reorganization” bankruptcy, may be used to manage debt over a three to five year payment period. If you have enough income to repay most of your debts but need structure in which to do that, Chapter 13 may be an option for you. Your debts may not exceed certain limits; however, most people who do not qualify for Chapter 7 can utilize the Chapter 13 bankruptcy process.
The Bankruptcy Process
The process of filing bankruptcy can be complex. You must submit specific forms and provide a plethora of information to the bankruptcy court. There are court hearings and legal procedures that you must follow. A skilled bankruptcy attorney can guide you through the process and help you understand your legal options.
Steps in the bankruptcy process include the following:
Step 1: Complete a credit counseling course.
Within 180 days prior to filing for bankruptcy, you must complete a credit counseling course. The U.S. Trustee’s office must approve the course, and it can cost between $25 and $35 for the course. If you cannot afford a credit counseling course, you may qualify for discounts or a free course.
Step 2: File your bankruptcy petition with the federal court.
You must file a petition for bankruptcy along with a filing fee with the federal bankruptcy court in your jurisdiction. You must also submit information about your income, debts, and any assets you own. The bankruptcy court will quickly issue an automatic stay order, which will pause all creditor collection efforts. If you are dealing with a foreclosure or repossession, these will stop. Calls, emails, and other contacts from creditors will also be routed to your bankruptcy attorney. An automatic stay will not be put into place or will be limited if you have already filed for bankruptcy once or more within the last 12 months.
Step 3: Attend a 341 Meeting of Creditors.
Within 60 days of when you file your bankruptcy petition, you will attend a hearing called the “meeting of the creditors.” This hearing will not take place in a court, but will likely be in a meeting room. Your bankruptcy trustee, attorney, and creditors may appear at the hearing. However, it is rare for creditors to actually attend the meeting of the creditors. Typically, you answer questions from the trustee and review information that you submitted with your bankruptcy petition.
Step 4: Take a second debt counseling course.
After your meeting of the creditors, you will have to take a second debt counseling course. This will help you understand your current budget and how to manage your debts going forward.
Step 5: The court will confirm your eligibility to file bankruptcy.
The bankruptcy court will certainly evaluate your information in addition to any kind of difficulties offered at the conference of lenders. If you are submitting Chapter 7, the insolvency court will guarantee you pass the Means Test. If you are submitting Chapter 13, the insolvency court will review the quantity of your protected and unsafe financial debts and determine if you certify.
Step 6: The court will manage your debts.
If you are eligible for bankruptcy, the court will handle your financial obligations according to the phase of bankruptcy that you are requesting. If you are filing Chapter 7, the court might need you to liquidate some of your building to pay your financial institutions. When filing Chapter 13, you might have to submit a suggested layaway plan. In the end, the court will certainly need you to pay essential debts and also get a discharge of eligible financial debts.
What Types of Debt Can Be Discharged?
You can’t release all debts with personal bankruptcy. There are specific kinds of financial debt that are “dischargeable” as well as others that are “nondischargeable.” A well-informed insolvency attorney can review your financial debt and also aid you comprehend which types of financial debt you are managing.
You can completely clean out financial obligations that are dischargeable through bankruptcy. You do not need to repay them in all; furthermore, the creditors can not bother you to accumulate them. Dischargeable financial debts consist of clinical costs, bank card debt, individual finances, and utility bills.
Nondischargeable debt can not be eliminated via personal bankruptcy; nevertheless, you may have the ability to take care of these financial debts via your Chapter 13 repayment plan. Instances of nondischargeable financial debt consist of some tax obligation debt, spousal support, kid assistance, as well as student financings.
Alternatives to Bankruptcy
If you are uncertain of what to do about your financial obligation, a bankruptcy attorney can educate you of your options. While personal bankruptcy may not be the ideal selection for you, a lawyer can direct you with your options, which may consist of financial obligation loan consolidation, negotiation to reduce financial debt quantities, restructuring of car loans, as well as a lot more.
Start Your Relief Process Today by Contacting a Texas Bankruptcy Attorney
- Bankruptcy Attorney
- Chapter 7 Bankruptcy
- Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
- Asset Protection
- Creditor Harassment
- Debt Lawyer
- IRS Debt Attorney
- Loan Modification Lawyer
- Student Loan Debt Lawyer
Areas we service in Texas
Houston | San Antonio | Dallas | Austin | Fort Worth | El Paso | Arlington | Corpus Christi | Plano | Laredo | Lubbock | Garland | Irving | Amarillo | Grand Prairie | Brownsville | McKinney | Frisco | Pasadena | Mesquite | Killeen | McAllen | Carrollton | Midland | Waco | Denton | Abilene | Odessa | Beaumont | Round Rock | Richardson | Pearland | College Station | Wichita Falls | Lewisville | Tyler | The Woodlands | San Angelo | League City | Allen | Sugar Land | Edinburg | Mission | Longview | Bryan | Pharr | Baytown | Missouri City | Temple | Flower Mound | New Braunfels | Atascocita | North Richland Hills | Conroe | Victoria | Cedar Park | Harlingen | Mansfield | Georgetown | San Marcos | Rowlett | Pflugerville | Port Arthur | Spring | Euless | DeSoto | Grapevine | Galveston | Bedford | Cedar Hill | Texas City | Wylie | Keller | Haltom City | Burleson | Rockwall | The Colony | Coppell | Huntsville | Sherman | Duncanville | Weslaco | Hurst | Channelview | Lancaster | Friendswood | Little Elm | Schertz | Leander | Texarkana | Mission Bend | San Juan | Lufkin | Del Rio | Kyle | Rosenberg | La Porte | Nacogdoches | Deer Park | Waxahachie | Socorro | Copperas Cove | Farmers Branch | Fort Hood | Cleburne | Southlake | Harker Heights | Big Spring | Eagle Pass | Weatherford | Seguin | Lake Jackson | Cibolo | Greenville | Kingsville | Alvin | Colleyville | Balch Springs | Timberwood Park | Paris | University Park | Sachse | Watauga | San Benito | Corsicana | Marshall | Cloverleaf | Denison | Kerrville | West Odessa | Hutto | Benbrook | Brushy Creek | Midlothian | Saginaw | Converse | Canyon Lake | Corinth | Plainview | Murphy | Belton | Fresno | Stephenville | Universal City | Dickinson | Angleton | Alice | Orange | Horizon City | Alamo | Brownwood | Ennis | Bellaire | Stafford | Forney | Palestine | Pampa | Cinco Ranch | Bay City | South Houston | Nederland | White Settlement | Terrell | Taylor | Mercedes | Pecan Grove | Brenham | Donna | Uvalde | Gainesville | Katy | Highland Village | Portland | Sulphur Springs | Mount Pleasant | Prosper | La Marque | Seagoville | Sienna Plantation | Alton | Groves | West University Place | Gatesville | Humble | New Territory | Addison | Aldine | Live Oak | Hereford | Dumas | Kilgore | Canyon | Jacksonville | Crowley | Mineral Wells | Rio Grande City | Hewitt | Lakeway | Four Corners | Levelland | Andrews | Rendon | Seabrook | Hidalgo | Buda | Boerne | La Homa | Henderson | Lockhart | Beeville | Santa Fe | Borger | Forest Hill | Athens | Port Neches | Greatwood | Lumberton | Port Lavaca | Freeport | Richmond | Glenn Heights | Red Oak | Wells Branch | Snyder | Trophy Club | Azle | El Campo | Robstown | Tomball | Robinson | Royse City | Anna | Clute | Leon Valley | Galena Park | Raymondville | Webster | Fredericksburg | Burkburnett | Vidor | Sweetwater | Jacinto City | Eidson Road | Vernon | Rockport | Roma | Bellmead | Bonham